Tag Archives: gcc

Compiling analog 6.0 on Cygwin

Again, mostly for my own use later.  I had a need to run analog on my machine, and I didn’t want to download the Windows binary, because everything else I would be doing with the log files would be via Cygwin.  After a few unsuccessful attempts at compiling analog, I finally RTFM (read the flipping makefile) and made the following two changes.   In src/Makefile,

DEFS = -DHAVE_GD

LIBS = -lm -lz -ljpeg -lgd

That tells the analog makefile to use your pre-existing GD, JPEG and ZLIB libraries, rather than compiling the ones it comes with (it was those libraries which were giving me errors).  Once I’d done that, make clean and make worked fine and analog behaves as you would expect.

For reference, the errors I was getting before this change were,

libpng/pngwrite.o:pngwrite.c:(.text+0x1ec): undefined reference to `__imp__png_libpng_ver'
libpng/pngwrite.o:pngwrite.c:(.text+0x1f8): undefined reference to `__imp__png_libpng_ver'
libpng/pngwutil.o:pngwutil.c:(.text+0x45c): undefined reference to `__imp__png_IHDR'
libpng/pngwutil.o:pngwutil.c:(.text+0x6a5): undefined reference to `__imp__png_PLTE'
libpng/pngwutil.o:pngwutil.c:(.text+0x73d): undefined reference to `__imp__png_IDAT'
libpng/pngwutil.o:pngwutil.c:(.text+0x77e): undefined reference to `__imp__png_IEND'
/usr/lib/gcc/i686-pc-cygwin/4.5.3/../../../../i686-pc-cygwin/bin/ld: libpng/pngwutil.o: bad reloc address 0x12c in section `.rdata'
/usr/lib/gcc/i686-pc-cygwin/4.5.3/../../../../i686-pc-cygwin/bin/ld: final link failed: Invalid operation
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:76: recipe for target `analog' failed
make: *** [analog] Error 1

Compiling rrdtool on Cygwin

This post is half aide-mémoire and half public service announcement!  I use nmon at work to gather performance data, and I use customised version of nmon2web to graph it.  nmon2web relies on rrdtool, and I do a lot of my UNIX stuff these days using Cygwin.  Rather than use the Windows rrdtool binaries, I wanted to compile the latest version to run directly under Cygwin.

I’ve done this a few times now, with different Cygwin installs on both Windows XP and Windows 7, and every time I have to fight against various compilation issues.  I’ll cut to the chase, I hack at options and compiler settings and configure flags until it works, and I turn off most of the additional stuff to get it in.  But, it does work.

Get the Pre-requisites

All of the libraries and pre-requisites you need can be installed directly within Cygwin.  You’ll obviously need the regular development stuff (gcc, make, etc.) and you’ll also need the various libraries used by rrdtool.  Rather than worry about what you do and don’t need, I just whack on everything.  This is what I’ve got installed for each of the pre-reqs.

  • cairo (libcairo-devel, libcairo2)
  • glib (glib, glib-devel, glib2, glib2-devel, libglib1.2-devel, libglib1.2_0, libglib2.0-devel, libglib2.0_0)
  • libpng (libpng, libpng12, libpng14, libpng14-devel)
  • libxml2 (libxml2, libxml2-devel)
  • pango (libpango1.0-devel, libpango1.0_0, pango, pango-devel)
  • zlib (zlib, zlib-devel)
  • fontconfig (fontconfig, libfontconfig-devel, libfontconfig1)
  • freetype (libfreetype-devel, libfreetype6)
  • expat (expat, libexpat1, libexpat1-devel)

I’m certain that’s overkill, I had some of those installed already and installed a few extra libraries to get the compile working, but better safe than sorry!

configure options

The next step is working out what options to pass configure.  Some of these are required (on Windows 7 there are issues if you don’t use -no-undefined)

configure doesn’t seem to find the pango and cairo libraries under Cygwin unless I add these.

export CPPFLAGS="-I /usr/include/pango-1.0/pango/ -I /usr/include/cairo/cairo/"

and as I said, you need to prevent any undefined symbols in the libraries,

export LDFLAGS=-no-undefined

and then I basically turn off all the additional modules (perl, tcl, python, ruby) as well as mmap which doesn’t seem to work well under Cygwin anyway.  –prefix here is optional, it defaults to /opt, but I prefer everything under /usr/local.

./configure --disable-mmap --prefix=/usr/local/ --disable-tcl --disable-perl --disable-ruby --disable-python

Once that’s done, you can go for the compile.

Compiling

Run the usual make, you’ll get a whole bunch of warnings.  Such as,

warning: ‘optarg’ redeclared without dllimport attribute: previous dllimport ignored

No idea what they mean, but they don’t seem to break anything.

You’ll get a bunch of these,

*** Warning: linker path does not have real file for library -lstdc++.
*** I have the capability to make that library automatically link in when
*** you link to this library. But I can only do this if you have a
*** shared version of the library, which you do not appear to have
*** because I did check the linker path looking for a file starting
*** with libstdc++ and none of the candidates passed a file format test
*** using a file magic. Last file checked: /usr/lib/libpthread.a

because of the -no-undefined flag.  But again, doesn’t seem to break anything.

On Windows 7 (can’t remember if I got this on Windows XP) you’ll also get,

CCLD rrdupdate.exe
../libtool: line 8354: ./rrdupdate.exe: Permission denied
CC rrdcached-rrd_daemon.o

and you won’t be able to use rrdupdate.exe.  Running it gives the same permission denied error.  I’m not sure why yet, but I don’t use rrdupdate so it’s not been a big issue yet1.

Installing it all

Finally, after it all scrolls by, you can do a make install.

In /usr/local/bin you should end up with,

-rwxr-xr-x 1 User None 332K Jan 19 23:39 rrdcached.exe*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 User None 428K Jan 19 23:39 rrdcgi.exe*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 User None 641K Jan 19 23:39 rrdtool.exe*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 User None  14K Jan 19 23:39 rrdupdate.exe*

and rrdtool should work quite happily.

Finished!

So, know a better way?  Know why some bits still don’t work?  Know a sure fire way of fixing the warnings (if necessary), or getting rrdupdate to work, or being able to compile the additional modules?  Let me know!

  1. this only appears to be an issue with 64 bit Windows 7 []